The postcold war international system is marked by a renewed interest in human rights. With new humanitarian crises and newer patterns of human rights violations, national and international agencies have felt the need for a better understanding and protection of human rights. The recent spurt in social movements are an attempt to reinforce consciousness and awareness of potential violations in different fields, so much so that these movements on issues of environment, gender, tribal rights, peace, dalits have one thing in common—violation of rights of these segments. With growing awareness, the concept of human rights has taken the shape of a fullfledged discipline today. The present book is an attempt to systematically combine the different concepts, mechanisms and emergent issues in human rights in a lucid manner to cater to the needs of graduate and postgraduate students as well as NGOs and persons interested in human rights issues. The book highlights: The concept, evolution and role of UN in promoting human rights and duties; The whole gamut of international, regional and national institutional arrangements for protection of human rights; The state of human rights protection of the two most vulnerable segment of the society—the children and the aged; Emerging trends in human rights.